Graph Theory

The main focus is on structural and algorithmic point of views. The team established expertise includes problems such as finding large cycles in a given graph, graph colorings, covering problems, and extremal graph theory. For example, some team members are particularly interested in Thomassen’s conjecture: Every 4-connected line graph is Hamiltonian. Finding sufficient and computationally tractable conditions for a graph to be Hamiltonian is of significant importance from both theoretical and algorithmic viewpoints as Hamiltonicity is an NP-hard problem.

Generalization of such problems has also been recently considered for edge- or vertex-colored graphs. For example, one may look for properly colored spanning trees in an edge- or a vertex-colored graph. Alternatively, one may look for a dominating set in a vertex colored graph having at least one vertex from each color. Beside their theoretical interest, these extensions have applications in areas including biocomputing and web problems.

Many of the questions we consider can be stated in terms of (integer) linear optimization that is an expertise of new members of the team with research interests focusing on the combinatorial, computational, and geometric aspects of linear optimization. In this regard the aim would be to investigate recent results illustrating the significant interconnection between the most computationally successful algorithms for linear optimization and its generalizations, and the geometric and combinatorial structure of the input. Ideally, the deeper theoretical understanding will ultimately lead to increasingly efficient algorithms. Most of our research collaborations involve French research groups including LaBRI, LIRMM, LIAFA, and LIMOS as well as research groups in Europe, North America, China, Japan, India and South America.

(Reported to unkwown date) The Bron-Kerbosch algorithm with vertex ordering is output sensitive.

-- George Manoussakis (University of Versailles)

summary: The Bron-Kerbosch algorithm is a well known maximal clique enumeration algorithm. So far it was unknown whether it was output sensitive or not. In this paper we partially answer this question by proving that the Bron-Kerbosch Algorithm with vertex ordering, first introduced and studied by Eppstein, Löffler and Strash ...

L-orientations of graphs

-- Kenta Ozeki (Yokohama National University)

summary: An orientation of an (undirected) graph G is an assignment of directions to each edge of G. In this talk, we consider an orientation such that the out-degree of each vertex is contained in a given list. We introduce several relations to graph theory topics and pose our main ...

PHD defense: A guide book for the traveller on graphs full of blockages

-- Pierre Bergé (LRI, University of Paris Saclay)

summary: We study NP-hard problems dealing with graphs containing blockages.

We analyze cut problems via the parameterized complexity framework. The size p of the cut is the parameter. Given a set of sources {s_1,...,s_k} and a target t, we propose an algorithm deciding whether a cut of size at ...

Overcoming interference in the beeping communication model

-- Fabien Dufoulon (University Paris South)

summary: Small inexpensive inter-communicating electronic devices have become widely available. Although the individual device has severely limited capabilities (e.g., basic communication, constant-size memory or limited mobility), multitudes of such weak devices communicating together are able to form low-cost, easily deployable, yet highly performant networks. Such distributed systems present significant ...

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Translations: fr